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Why is centrifugal force more at the equator?

Why is centrifugal force more at the equator?

The centrifugal force is proportional to the tangential speed of the rotating reference frame. The equator is moving quickly as the earth’s spins, so it has a lot of centrifugal force. In contrast, the poles are not spinning at all, so they have zero centrifugal force.

Can I jump higher at the equator?

The radius of the Earth at the poles and the equator is 6357 km 6378 km, respectively. …

What is the centrifugal force of the earth?

Since Earth rotates around a fixed axis, the direction of centrifugal force is always outward away from the axis. Thus it is opposite to the direction of gravity at the equator; at Earth’s poles it is zero.

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Do we feel centrifugal force on Earth?

Because the rotation of the earth is very smooth and doesn’t change, the centripetal acceleration we feel is very nearly constant. This means that the (small) centrifugal force from the rotation gets added to gravity to make up the “background force” we don’t notice.

What causes centrifugal force?

When you swing an object around on a string or rope, the object will pull outward on the rope. The force you feel is called the centrifugal force and is caused by the inertia of the object, where it seeks to follow a straight-line path.

Is gravity greater at the equator?

Gravity is often assumed to be the same everywhere on Earth, but it varies because the planet is not perfectly spherical or uniformly dense. In addition, gravity is weaker at the equator due to centrifugal forces produced by the planet’s rotation.

Why gravity is more at Pole than equator?

The distance from the poles to the centre of the earth is lesser than the distance from the equator to the centre of the earth. Therefore the acceleration due to gravity is greater at the poles than at the equator.

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What is centripetal and centrifugal force on Earth?

Centripetal force on Earth is the force of gravity acting on objects (us) orbiting Earth – we happen to orbit the Earth on its surface, at its exact speed of rotation, because gravity “glues” us to the surface as the Earth spins on its rotational axis. Centrifugal force is the unbalanced reaction of inertia to centripetal force.

Can a person fly away by the effect of the centrifugal force?

The person cannot fly away by the effect of the centrifugal force. The centrifugal force comprises only (−)0.3\% of the person’s weight (the total force by which the person is pulled against the ground). What would be needed to get the opposite answer?

What is the acceleration of centrifugal force on the equator?

To derive the centrifugal acceleration on the equator (i.e. the force in Newtons on one gram mass, rotating with the Earth), we calculate in meters and seconds v2 / r = (465.1)2 / 6378000 = 216318 / 6378000 = 0,03392 m/s2 Comparing this to the acceleration of gravity–say 9.81 m/s 2 –it is only 0.00346 or 0.346\%.

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What is the difference between gravity on the Poles and equator?

(Weight and gravity are identical on the poles, where no centrifugal force occurs. On the Equator, they differ only in magnitude, not in direction, because the centrifugal force directs exactly opposite to the force of gravity there. See also the solution of the task Spring Scale on the Pole and on the Equator ).