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Why is carbon unique among all other elements because it?

Why is carbon unique among all other elements because it?

Carbon atoms are unique because they can bond together to form very long, durable chains that can have branches or rings of various sizes and often contain thousands of carbon atoms. Carbon atoms also bond strongly to other elements, such as hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, and can be arranged in many different ways.

What makes a carbon special and unique?

Carbon is the only element that can form so many different compounds because each carbon atom can form four chemical bonds to other atoms, and because the carbon atom is just the right, small size to fit in comfortably as parts of very large molecules. They can even join “head-to-tail” to make rings of carbon atoms.

Why is carbon different from other members of the group?

Carbon differs from rest of the members of its group due to its smaller size, higher electro negativity, higher ionization enthalpy and unavailability of d-orbital’s.

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What is special about carbon that makes it the central atom in the chemistry of life?

Carbon is unique and found in all living things because it can form up to four covalent bonds between atoms or molecules. These can be nonpolar or polar covalent bonds, and they allow for the formation of long chains of carbon molecules that combine to form proteins and DNA.

What are the 4 unique properties of carbon?

Carbon makes 4 electrons to form a covalent bond.

  • It has a number of allotropes and other forms of existence.
  • Carbon is highly unreactive under conditions which are normal.
  • This chemical element is represented with the symbol C.
  • It contains 6 protons in the nucleus and thus, have atomic number 6.
  • What are the anomalous character of carbon which makes it different from the rest of the group?

    The main point of differences are: 1) Carbon in form of diamond is very hard as compared to other members of group 14. 2) It has higher melting point and boiling point than other members of the group14. 3) Carbon has only 4 valence orbitals ,therefore ,at the maximum, it can accommodate 4 pairs of electrons around it.

    What properties of carbon make it such an important element in living things?

    Why is carbon so basic to life? The reason is carbon’s ability to form stable bonds with many elements, including itself. This property allows carbon to form a huge variety of very large and complex molecules. In fact, there are nearly 10 million carbon-based compounds in living things!

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    Why is carbon central to the structure of all biological molecules?

    Why is carbon central to the structure of all biological molecules? Carbon is able to form these large molecules because of its electron configuration; it has four valence electrons in a shell and they all form covalent bonds with other atoms.

    What makes carbon such a unique element Class 10?

    What makes carbon unique is its ability in forming covalent bonds which are very strong in nature. The small size of the carbon atom makes the compounds of Carbon exceptionally stable. Hence carbon as an element has the ability to form a variety of stable compounds, which can exist freely in nature.

    Does carbon react with other elements?

    Chemical properties Carbon does not dissolve in or react with water, acids, or most other materials. It does, however, react with oxygen. It burns in air to produce carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and carbon monoxide (CO).

    What are the allotropy form of carbon and how they differ from each other?

    Carbon has several allotropes, or different forms in which it can exist. These allotropes include graphite and diamond, which have very different properties. Despite carbon’s ability to make 4 bonds and its presence in many compounds, it is highly unreactive under normal conditions.

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    Why is carbon so special compared to other elements?

    Carbon is special because its atoms can bond to each other to a practically unlimited degree. This is possible because of carbon’s electron configuration. To understand how this is so, it is important to touch on orbital theory. Empirical data proves that atomic orbitals hybridize to form molecular orbitals.

    What are the unique characteristics of carbon?

    The ability of carbon atoms to form covalent bonds with other carbon atoms is the most unique of its bonding properties. This enables carbon to form long, continuous chains, branches and loops consisting of carbon and hydrogen in hydrocarbons and only carbon in carbon allotropes such as C60.

    What is so special about carbon?

    Carbon is a divine element. What makes carbon so special is that it has the ability to make four bonds to surrounding atoms. Even more importantly, it can bind to other carbon atoms very easily, making it essentially a 4 sided building block for the creation of multi-atomed molecules.

    Why is carbon called a versatile element?

    Carbon forms stable bonds with hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, halogen and other carbon atoms. Due to the this, compounds formed by carbon is enormous and it is called a versatile element. Carbon is versatile because it is the element with the highest reactivity, meaning best able to bond with other elements.