General

What type of reaction occurs when benzene reacts with chlorine?

What type of reaction occurs when benzene reacts with chlorine?

The electrophilic substitution reaction between benzene and chlorine or bromine. Benzene reacts with chlorine or bromine in an electrophilic substitution reaction, but only in the presence of a catalyst. The catalyst is either aluminum chloride (or aluminum bromide if you are reacting benzene with bromine) or iron.

What is the chemical reaction of benzene?

Benzene reacts with concentrated nitric acid at 323-333k in the presence of concentrated sulphuric acid to form nitrobenzene. This reaction is known as nitration of benzene.

When benzene reacts with chlorine in the presence of Lewis acid?

Hint: When benzene is treated with chlorine in the presence of a Lewis acid, then instead of an addition reaction taking place, a substitution reaction will take place, in which one of the chlorine atoms is replaced by one hydrogen atom from the benzene ring. The reactions usually happen at room temperature.

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What is bromination reaction?

The bromination of benzene is an example of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. In this reaction, the electrophile (bromine) forms a sigma bond to the benzene ring, yielding an intermediate. Then, a proton is removed from the intermediate to form a substituted benzene ring.

Which of the following is obtained by the reaction of benzene and chlorine in the presence of a catalyst?

Chlorobenzene is produced by chlorination of benzene in the presence of a catalyst, and is produced as an end product in the reductive chlorination of di- and trichlorobenzenes. This compound is extensively used in the manufacture of phenol, aniline, and DDT; as a solvent for paints; and as a heat transfer medium.

What happens when benzene reacts with chlorine in presence of FeCl3?

it’s an electrophilic substitution reaction yielding Cholorobenzene. The Cl2 breaks into Cl+ and Cl-. The Cl- attacks FeCl3 to form FeCl4- and Cl+ attacks benzene. The Hydrogen released when chlorine attaches itself on the ring attacks FeCl4- to give FeCl3 and HCl.

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What happens when benzene reacts with methyl chloride?

When benzene is treated with methyl chloride in presence of anhydrous AlCl3 , toluene is obtained.

Does benzene react with bromine water?

Even though benzene has unsaturated bonds, they are stable and thus will not react with bromine water solution and thus no decolourisation of bromine water.

What do you mean by acetylation reaction?

Acetylation is a reaction that introduces an acetyl functional group (acetoxy group, CH3CO) into an organic chemical compound—namely the substitution of the acetyl group for a hydrogen atom—while deacetylation is the removal of an acetyl group from an organic chemical compound.

What is the product when benzene reacts with chlorine in dark conditions?

Benzene reacts with chlorine in presence of sunlight to give gammexane or benzene hexa chloride.

Which is the major product obtained in the reaction of propyl benzene with chlorine in the presence of UV radiation?

1 -chloro-1-phenylpropane
When propylbenzene reacts with chlorine in the presence of UV radiation, the major product is 1 -chloro-1-phenylpropane.

What is produced in the reaction between benzene and chlorine with FeCl3 as a catalyst )?

The reaction with chlorine The reaction between benzene and chlorine in the presence of either aluminium chloride or iron gives chlorobenzene.

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What happens when benzene reacts with HCl?

For example, benzene won’t react with Br, HCl or other reagents to result in carbon-carbon double bonds formation. In most of its reaction, benzene undergoes substitution reaction that replaces one or more hydrogen atom with another atom or radical. Benzene belongs to the category of aromatic compounds.

What happens when methylbenzene reacts with chlorine in the Sun?

The reaction we are going to explore happens between methylbenzene and chlorine in the presence of ultraviolet light – typically sunlight. This is a good example of a photochemical reaction – a reaction brought about by light. The organic product is (chloromethyl)benzene.

What is the reaction between benzene and bromine?

Substitution reactions are the characteristic reactions of the benzene and it hardly undergoes addition reaction. Benzene is treated with bromine in the presence of ferric chloride as a catalyst then the compound called bromobenzene is formed and that is the compound generated from this product.

How do you prepare chlorobenzene from benzene?

Benzene react with chlorine in the presence of aluminum chloride or iron to prepare chlorobenzene. C 6 H 6 + Cl 2 → C 6 H 5 Cl + HCl