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How did the Indian Ocean trade affect East Africa?

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect East Africa?

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect East Africa? Trade gave rise to civilization known as Swahili.

How did trade impact East Africa?

How did trade affect the peoples of East Africa? It expanded their territory and increased the creation of city-states. It also brought business for other important goods needed in the area.

What is the connection between the east coast of Africa and the Indian Ocean World?

In East Africa, long-distance trade over the waters of the Indian Ocean made possible the exchange of commodities from Asia for those of Africa, which cultivated the rise of commercial emporiums and city-states to promote them. There are striking similarities between Saharan and Indian Oceanic commerce.

What evidence is there of Indian Ocean trade with East Africa?

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Glass beads form a large part of archaeological evidence attesting to Indian Ocean trade with eastern Africa between the 7th and 17th century CE, but they have generally been under-utilized by archaeologists in their efforts to understand and interpret that trade.

What were the effects of Indian Ocean trade?

New cross-cultural interactions were a significant impact of Indian Ocean trade. These interactions were crucial in the spread of religions and philosophical systems, technology, and cultural systems.

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect the economy?

The Indian Ocean traded “regular goods”, in bulk and at a lower cost. It’s much easier to carry huge quantities of high-demand goods (such as timber) on water than on a camel’s back on land. A couple of these goods included timber, frankincense, ivory, and sandalwood.

Why did the Indian Ocean trade end?

The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa.

What did East Africa trade?

Exports to the EU from East African Community are mainly coffee, cut flowers, tea, tobacco, fish and vegetables. Imports from the EU into the region are dominated by machinery and mechanical appliances, equipment and parts, vehicles and pharmaceutical products.

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What impact did the Indian Ocean trade network have on culture?

As merchants moved throughout the Indian Ocean network, they established diaspora communities (communities of immigrants living away from their homeland). Through these diaspora communities, merchants introduced their cultural traditions into local indigenous cultures.

How did the Omanis impact the Indian Ocean trade?

Oman’s early and active engagement in maritime trade was due to its strategic position between Southeast Asia and Africa, its long coastline and its safe natural harbours. The Omanis were known for building and exporting very good ships, and they traded with precious goods such as frankincense.

Why was the Indian Ocean trade important?

The Indian Ocean is home to major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa and East Asia with Europe and the Americas. These vital sea routes (i) facilitate maritime trade in the Indian Ocean region, (ii) carry more than half of the world’s sea-borne oil,3 and (iii) host 23 of the world’s top 100 container ports.

What impact did the Indian Ocean trade have on the Swahili States?

As a consequence of long-distance trading routes crossing the Indian Ocean, the Swahili were influenced by Arabic, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cultures. During the 10th century, several city-states flourished along the Swahili Coast and adjacent islands, including Kilwa, Malindi, Gedi, Pate, Comoros, and Zanzibar.

What is the history of the Indian Ocean trade?

Background Information on the Indian Ocean Trade. The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa.

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Why were the Portuguese eager to join the Indian Ocean trade?

The Portuguese were eager to join in the Indian Ocean trade since European demand for Asian luxury goods was extremely high. However, Europe had nothing to trade. The peoples around the Indian Ocean basin had no need for wool or fur clothing, iron cooking pots, or the other meager products of Europe.

How did the camel help in the development of coastal trade?

Long before Europeans “discovered” the Indian Ocean, traders from Arabia, Gujarat, and other coastal areas used triangle-sailed dhows to harness the seasonal monsoon winds. Domestication of the camel helped bring coastal trade goods such as silk, porcelain, spices, slaves, incense, and ivory to inland empires, as well.

What did the city-states in Africa trade?

As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa. These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, Malindi, and others. The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron.