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How are photons different from matter?

How are photons different from matter?

One major difference between photons and matter particles (for example, atoms or electrons) is that photons are entirely made of energy, while particles have what is known as a “rest mass,” meaning they have a mass when they are not moving.

What makes photons unique?

They have a unique property in that they are both a particle and a wave. This is what allows photons unique properties like refraction and diffusion. However light particles are not quite the same as other elementary particles. Photons are basically the most visible portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Why do photons have different wavelengths?

Interestingly, shorter the wavelength(or higher the frequency), the more energy the photon has, and more particle-like it will be in the wave-particle duality spectrum, and longer the wavelength(or lower the frequency) the less energy it has and more wave-like it will be, and less particle-like.

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Do photons have different energy?

The amount of energy is directly proportional to the photon’s electromagnetic frequency and thus, equivalently, is inversely proportional to the wavelength. The higher the photon’s frequency, the higher its energy. Equivalently, the longer the photon’s wavelength, the lower its energy.

How are light and matter similar?

Light and Matter relate to each other in numerous ways. The interaction of light and matter determines the appearance of everything around us. Light interacts with matter in ways such as emission and absorption. The photoelectric effect is an example of how matter absorbs light.

Does all matter contain photons?

To answer your fundamental question: No, all matter is not made up of photons. There are other fundamental constituents such as quarks and leptons.

Why photons are electrically neutral?

The theory that states that light behaves both like a wave and a particle is called the wave-particle duality theory. Photons are always electrically neutral. They have no electrical charge. Photons do not decay on their own.

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Can photons pass through matter?

The answer is that photons passing through matter are no longer (pure) photons. Physicists say that the photons and oscillating electrons form a “quasiparticle” that travels nearly at the speed of light and carries a tiny bit of rest mass.

Which of the following are characteristic of photon has?

Photons have no mass but they have energy. E=hv where h is the planks constant. The energy of each photon is inversely proportional to the wavelength of the associated EM wave. E=hv=hλc​

How do photons interact differently in matter?

• Photons interact differently in matter than charged particles because photons have no electrical charge. 8 • In contrast to charged particles, photons do not continuously lose energy when they travel through matter. Photon Interactions (cont’d)

How do photons scatter in all directions?

• The photons are scattered in all directions by the scattering object. • The more energetic the incident photon, the more forward the scatter (smaller 2) • Lower energy photons are more likely to scatter at an angle of 90º or higher. –The photon loses the greatest amount of energy when 2= 180º.

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What is the energy of photon energy of electron and positron?

• Since the electron and positron each have an energy equivalence of 511 keV, the incoming photon must have an energy of at least 1022 keV for pair production to take place. • Any additional photon energy above 1022 keV is given to the positron and the electron as kinetic energy. are not necessarily the same.