Q&A

Are Occitan and Catalan the same?

Are Occitan and Catalan the same?

Catalan was considered a dialect of Occitan until the end of the 19th century and still today remains its closest relative. Occitan is an official language of Catalonia, where a subdialect of Gascon known as Aranese is spoken in the Val d’Aran.

Can Spanish speakers understand Occitan?

The Occitan language is one of the official languages in Catalonia, but the region where it is spoken straddles southern France, Italy, and Spain. In Spain’s Val d’Aran, where it is the mother tongue, 89\% of the locals understand it, and 62\% speak Occitan.

Is Franco-Provençal French?

Franco-Provençal (the name given to a group of dialects spoken around the Alpine region of France and Italy) is often considered to be different from both French and Occitan, though some linguists hold that it is merely a transitional dialect.

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Is Franco-Provençal a language?

Franco-Provençal is a separate Gallo-Romance language that transitions into the Oïl languages Morvandiau and Franc-Comtois to the northwest, into Romansh to the east, into the Gallo-Italic Piemontese to the southeast, and finally into the Vivaro-Alpine dialect of Occitan to the southwest.

Is Occitan still spoken?

Although many people have not heard of Occitan, also known as Langue d’Oc, it’s one of several Romance languages that evolved from vernacular Latin, and is still spoken in six major dialects across southern France as well as parts of north-western Italy and northern Spain.

Does anyone still speak Occitan?

Occitan is a very old language spoken by about 1.5 million people across Europe. One of its dialects, Provençal, is still very much alive and kicking in the south of France today.

Is Catalan A Gallo Romance language?

The Gallo-Romance branch of the Romance languages includes in the narrowest sense French, Occitan, and Franco-Provençal. However, other definitions are far broader, variously encompassing Catalan, the Gallo-Italic languages, and the Rhaeto-Romance languages.

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Is Friulano a language?

furlan or marilenghe; Italian: friulano; German: Furlanisch; Slovene: furlanščina) is a Romance language belonging to the Rhaeto-Romance family, spoken in the Friuli region of northeastern Italy. Friulian has around 600,000 speakers, the vast majority of whom also speak Italian.

Is Occitan spoken in Marseille?

Occitan is a language that is spoken across the Occitania region — mainly in southern France but also in northern Spain, in Monaco (and along the French Riviera towards Marseille) and also in the Occitan Valleys in Italy.

What is the difference between Occitan and Provencal?

Northern varieties of Occitan are the most heavely frenchifed, while the southwestern varieties of Occitan are the closest to Catalan. As Occitan isn’t an official language in Occitania, where the only admitted language since the XVIth century is French, today’s Provencal is one of the six main dialect groups of Occitan.

What is another name for the Provençal language?

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Across history, the terms Limousin ( Lemosin ), Languedocien ( Lengadocian ), Gascon, and later Provençal ( Provençal, Provençau or Prouvençau) have been used as synonyms for the whole of Occitan; nowadays, “Provençal” is understood mainly as the Occitan dialect spoken in Provence, in southeast France.

What is another name for the Occitan language?

Occitan language. Across history, the terms Limousin ( Lemosin ), Languedocien ( Lengadocian ), Gascon, and later Provençal ( Provençal, Provençau or Prouvençau) have been used as synonyms for the whole of Occitan; nowadays, “Provençal” is understood mainly as the Occitan dialect spoken in Provence, in southeast France.

What is the Catalan language?

Until the XII-XIV cent., Catalan was nothing more than a Occitan dialect known with the name of “Lemosin”.

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